A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Consumer price index 2019, May

Published: 14 June 2012

Inflation 3.1 per cent in May

The year-on-year change in consumer prices, i.e. inflation, calculated by Statistics Finland stood in May unchanged from April at 3.1 per cent.

Inflation indicators in Finland, May 2012

  Point figure      Change on one year Change on one month
Consumer Price Index 2010=100 106,4 3,1 % 0,0 %
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1 864    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2005=100 117,6 3,1 % -0,1 %
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2005=100 115,9 2,2 % -0,1 %

In May, consumer prices were pushed up most from last year by risen prices of food, housing and transport. The cost of food went up mainly due to increases in the prices of meat, dairy products, confectionery and ice cream. Housing prices, in turn, were pushed up in particular by rent increases and risen cost of owner-occupancy. The cost of transport went up due to increases in fuel prices and the vehicle tax. Risen prices of alcoholic beverages, and restaurant and café services also had a strong impact on inflation. The rising of consumer prices continued to be curbed most in May by fallen prices of consumer electronics and telecommunications services from the year before. From April to May, consumer prices remained unchanged on the average.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on 483 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection. The Consumer Price Index 2010=100 Handbook for Users is available on the CPI-home page (www.stat.fi).

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 2.4 per cent in May

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 2.4 per cent in May. In April, it was 2.6 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland was 3.1 per cent in May.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on detached houses or vehicle tax. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices as well as the rules governing its compilation have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for May on 14 June. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, eurostat (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 2.2 per cent in May

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 3.1 per cent in May and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 2.2 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was thus 0.9 percentage points. The month-on-month change in both the Harmonised Index and the Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was -0.1 per cent in May. There were no changes in tax rates in May.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juhani Pekkarinen 09 1734 3476, Johanna Leivo 09 1734 3397, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Kari Molnar

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Updated 14.6.2012

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. May 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 26.6.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2012/05/khi_2012_05_2012-06-14_tie_001_en.html