A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Consumer price index 2019, October

Published: 14 January 2019

Inflation 1.2 per cent in December

The year-on-year change in consumer prices calculated by Statistics Finland was 1.2 per cent in December. In November, inflation stood at 1.3 per cent. Inflation slowed down above all because the rising of liquid fuel and electricity prices eased off. In 2018, the average inflation rate was 1.1 per cent.

Inflation indicators in Finland, December 2018

  Point figure Annual change (%) Monthly change (%)
Consumer Price Index 2015=100 102.7 1.2 -0.1
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1958    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2015=100 102.9 1.3 -0.2
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2015=100 102.3 0.9 -0.2

Consumer prices were raised most in December by increases in the prices of cigarettes, electricity and fuels and capital repair on detached house from one year ago. The rising of consumer prices from one year back was curbed most by reductions in the prices of child day care, mobile phones, used cars, televisions and detached houses. From November to December, the month-on-month change of consumer prices was -0.1 per cent.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland's interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on nearly 470 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 1.6 per cent in December

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 1.6 per cent in December. In November, it stood at 1.9 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland was 1.3 per cent in December.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings, the vehicle tax or fishing and hunting fees. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for December on 17 January. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 0.9 per cent in December

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 1.3 per cent in December and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 0.9 per cent. The combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates made after December 2017 was thus 0.4 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was -0.2 per cent and that in the Index at Constant Taxes -0.2 per cent in December.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kristiina Nieminen 029 551 2957, Satu Montonen 029 551 3205, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Updated 14.1.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. December 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 8.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2018/12/khi_2018_12_2019-01-14_tie_001_en.html