Published: 18 April 2008

Official greenhouse gas inventory in 2008 to the UNFCCC

In 2006 the amount of Finland's greenhouse gas emissions corresponded to 80.3 Mt of CO2. These data derive from Statistics Finland’s greenhouse gas inventory delivered to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Statistics Finland’s emission data reported in April are used to monitor the fulfilment of the commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. The fulfilment of the commitments will be determined in 2014. At that time the emissions generated during the first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, that is the years 2008-2012, will be summed up. The sum of emissions decreases when the net removals of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere resulting from afforestation/reforestation, deforestation and forest management are taken into account. In addition, emission units acquired under Kyoto mechanisms can be deducted from the emissions. Such units can be acquired by emissions trading or by carrying out projects that decrease emissions in other industrial or developing countries. The end result is compared to Finland’s assigned amount for the first commitment period, which corresponds to 355,017,545 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) (on average some 71.0 Mt per year).

Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions typically show quite large annual fluctuations. In the years 1990-2006 the average fluctuation amounted to 5 Mt and resulted mainly from changes in the emissions of the energy sector (Figure 1). The emissions of the energy sector are, for the most part, included in emissions trading, which facilitates the avoidance of a possible exceeding of the emissions targets in 2008-2012.

Figure 1. Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions 1990-2006. All man-made emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and F-gases are counted as greenhouse gas emissions. Land use, land-use change and the forestry sector (not included in Figure 1) acts as net sink in Finland. This means that the sector binds more emissions to i.a. the growing tree stock than it releases into the atmosphere. In 2006 the net removals of the sector amounted to some 33 Mt of CO2. Only a part of the net removals can be utilised in the fulfilment of the commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.

Figure 1. Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions 1990-2006. All man-made emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and F-gases are counted as greenhouse gas emissions. Land use, land-use change and the forestry sector (not included in Figure 1) acts as net sink in Finland. This means that the sector binds more emissions to i.a. the growing tree stock than it releases into the atmosphere. In 2006 the net removals of the sector amounted to some 33 Mt of CO2. Only a part of the net removals can be utilised in the fulfilment of the commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.

Table 1. Finland's greenhouse gas emissions (million t) exclusive of land use, land-use change and forestry sector (see Table 2). Emissions as amounts corresponding to CO2 tonnes.

Year Emission category
  Energy industries Manufacturing industries and construction Transport Other energy Industrial processes (excl. F-gases) F-gases Solvents and other product use Agriculture Waste Total
1990 19.2 13.4 12.8 9.2 5.0 0.1 0.2 7.1 4.0 70.9
1991 19.0 12.9 12.5 8.9 4.6 0.1 0.2 6.7 4.0 68.7
1992 18.7 12.4 12.4 9.0 4.3 0.0 0.2 6.2 4.0 67.3
1993 21.5 12.5 12.0 8.6 4.3 0.0 0.2 6.2 4.0 69.3
1994 26.4 12.8 12.4 8.2 4.5 0.0 0.1 6.2 4.0 74.7
1995 24.1 12.3 12.2 7.8 4.5 0.1 0.1 6.3 3.9 71.3
1996 29.8 12.2 12.2 7.9 4.8 0.1 0.1 6.2 3.8 77.3
1997 27.4 12.4 12.8 7.9 5.0 0.2 0.1 6.2 3.7 75.8
1998 24.2 12.1 13.0 8.2 4.9 0.3 0.1 6.1 3.6 72.3
1999 23.7 12.1 13.2 7.9 5.0 0.4 0.1 5.9 3.5 71.7
2000 22.1 12.1 13.1 7.5 5.0 0.6 0.1 6.0 3.3 69.8
2001 27.5 11.6 13.3 7.7 5.0 0.7 0.1 5.8 3.2 75.0
2002 30.3 11.3 13.5 7.6 4.9 0.5 0.1 5.8 2.9 77.1
2003 37.2 11.7 13.7 7.6 5.2 0.7 0.1 5.7 2.8 84.8
2004 32.9 11.8 14.1 7.3 5.5 0.7 0.1 5.6 2.6 80.8
2005 22.0 11.5 14.1 7.1 5.3 0.9 0.1 5.6 2.4 69.0
2006 32.9 11.7 14.4 7.0 5.3 0.8 0.1 5.6 2.5 80.3

Table 2. Emissions and removals (million t) of the land use, land-use change and forestry sector in Finland. Emissions and sinks as amounts corresponding to CO2 tonnes.

Year Emission category
  Forest land Cropland Grassland Peat extraction
areas
Harvested wood
products
Total
1990 -23.0 7.4 -2.5 0.6 -0.9 -18.4
1991 -37.6 5.6 -1.2 0.6 0.3 -32.2
1992 -31.4 5.4 -1.4 0.6 -0.2 -27.0
1993 -30.1 5.4 -1.0 0.6 -0.1 -25.1
1994 -22.9 5.2 -0.5 0.7 -0.8 -18.2
1995 -23.2 6.9 -1.0 0.7 -0.9 -17.5
1996 -32.2 7.1 -1.3 0.7 -1.0 -26.8
1997 -25.2 6.7 -1.0 0.7 -2.1 -20.9
1998 -22.7 6.1 -0.4 0.7 -1.8 -18.0
1999 -25.1 5.8 0.5 0.7 -2.0 -20.1
2000 -26.6 5.3 1.4 0.7 -1.3 -20.5
2001 -31.4 5.1 1.9 0.7 -0.3 -24.0
2002 -31.9 4.6 1.7 0.7 -0.4 -25.4
2003 -32.0 4.2 2.2 0.7 -0.9 -25.8
2004 -33.3 3.9 2.6 0.7 -0.8 -27.0
2005 -38.5 3.6 3.0 0.7 -0.3 -31.5
2006 -40.8 3.2 3.8 0.7 -0.4 -33.4

Source: Greenhouse gas inventory unit, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Riitta Pipatti (09) 1734 3543, Teemu Oinonen (09) 1734 2909, kasvihuonekaasut@stat.fi

Director in charge: Kaija Hovi

Publication in pdf-format (11 pages 310.1 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

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Updated 18.4.2008

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Greenhouse gases [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6065. 2006. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 21.10.2014].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khki/2006/khki_2006_2008-04-18_tie_001_en.html.

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