6. Number of suicides fell clearly

In 2014, suicides were committed by 789 persons, which was nearly 100 fewer than in the year before. The number of suicides was at its highest in 1990, when there were over 1,500 suicides in Finland. Since then, suicide mortality has decreased by nearly 30 per cent in ten years.

Men's suicide mortality is much higher than women's. In 2014, suicide mortality or the number of suicides a year per 100,000 population was 14.4, being 22.3 for men and 6.9 for women. Three out of four of the persons who committed a suicide were men.

Suicides are a central cause of death for young people. One-third of young people aged between 15 and 24 that died had committed suicides. The share of suicides in all causes of death is high because other mortality among young people is so low. Of all persons that committed suicides, one in ten were young people aged under 25. The suicide mortality of young men has been declining in Finland in recent years. Suicide mortality among young women has, in turn, remained relatively unchanged, but it is clearly lower than among young men. Young people's suicide mortality in Finland is high by European comparison. According to Eurostat's statistics for 2012, suicide mortality among young people was higher than in Finland only in Lithuania and Latvia. By contrast, for persons aged 65 and over, suicide mortality in Finland did not differ from the EU average. Of those who committed suicides, one in five were aged over 65.

Figure 10. Suicide mortality 1970 to 2014

Figure 10. Suicide mortality 1970 to 2014

Source: Causes of death, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Airi Pajunen 029 551 3605, Jari Hellanto 029 551 3291, kuolemansyyt@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma


Updated 30.12.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Causes of death [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-5078. 2014, 6. Number of suicides fell clearly . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.12.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/ksyyt/2014/ksyyt_2014_2015-12-30_kat_006_en.html