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Published: 18 May 2016

Slightly more open job vacancies in the first quarter than one year earlier

According to the Job Vacancy Survey of Statistics Finland, there were 48,000 open job vacancies in the first quarter of 2016, which is nine per cent more than one year earlier (43,900). The number of open job vacancies went down in the major region of Helsinki-Uusimaa but increased in other major regions. The reference period of the data is 1 March.

Job vacancies 2015/I – 2016/I

2015/I 2016/I
Number Share, % Number Share, %
Job vacancies 43 900   48 000  
Part-time 8 500 19 9 700 20
Fixed term 24 100 55 27 800 58
Hard-to-fill vacancies 10 900 25 13 400 28
The sub-groups are not mutually exclusive so their sum does not correspond with the total number of open job vacancies.

In the first quarter of 2016, in all, 39,000 or 81 per cent of the job vacancies were in establishments owned by private enterprises, while one year earlier the corresponding share was 75 per cent. The number of open job vacancies went down compared with the quarter one year earlier in establishments of under five employees but increased in bigger establishments. Examined by the industry of the establishment, job vacancies increased most in the industry groups of manufacturing, mining and other manufacturing activities (B to E) and in trade, transportation and storage, accommodation and food service activities (G to I).

In the first quarter of the year, 58 per cent of all open job vacancies were fixed-term positions, while one year earlier the corresponding share was 55 per cent. For instance, the establishments of manufacturing and trade had plenty of fixed-term vacancies for which summer workers were primarily sought. The share of part-time jobs in all open job vacancies was 20 per cent, or almost the same as one year earlier. Employers estimated that 28 per cent of the job vacancies in the first quarter were hard to fill, while one year earlier the corresponding share was 25 per cent. Over one-half of open job vacancies in construction establishments were considered to be hard to fill.

Statistics Finland has been collecting data on open job vacancies quarterly since 2002. The inquiry is directed to persons responsible for recruitment in private and public sector establishments. The data provider can respond either using the web questionnaire or through a telephone interview. The data collection includes approximately 2,500 different establishments in every quarter. The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The objective is to produce up-to-date and comparable information about the number and structure of job openings on the labour markets of EU Member States.

More information about open job vacancies is available in the appendix tables of this release and in the database tables of the statistics (only in Finnish). The figures in the tables are rounded, for which reason the sums do not always amount to the totals. The accuracy of estimates and standard errors are explained in the quality description of the statistical release (only in Finnish).

Latest data on open job vacancies published by the EU can be found on Eurostat's home page .

Source: Job vacancy survey 2016, 1st quarter. Statistics Finland.

Inquiries: Minna Wallenius 029 551 2749,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Appendix tables


Updated 18.5.2016

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Job vacancy survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2278. 1st quarter 2016. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 4.12.2023].
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