Published: 31 January 2012

Growth of general government expenditure slowed down in 2010

Total general government expenditure grew by 3.1 per cent in 2010. In 2009, total expenditure grew by 5.7 per cent and in 2008 by 7.3 per cent. The share of total general government expenditure of gross domestic product (GDP) was 55.5 per cent in 2010, in other words slightly down on 2009 when it was 56.1 per cent.

Consolidated Total Expenditures by Function, General Government, 2009–2010

Function Year Million euro Ratio to GDP, %
G0 All functions 2009 96 788 56,1
2010 99 835 55,5
G01 General public services 2009 12 692 7,4
2010 13 018 7,2
G02 Defence 2009 2 851 1,7
2010 2 789 1,6
G03 Public order and safety 2009 2 571 1,5
2010 2 766 1,5
G04 Economic affairs 2009 8 648 5,0
2010 8 748 4,9
G05 Environmental protection 2009 608 0,4
2010 506 0,3
G06 Housing and community amenities 2009 887 0,5
2010 914 0,5
G07 Health 2009 13 696 7,9
2010 14 130 7,9
G08 Recreation, culture and religion 2009 2 092 1,2
2010 2 204 1,2
G09 Education 2009 11 357 6,6
2010 11 735 6,5
G10 Social protection 2009 41 386 24,0
2010 43 025 23,9

In 2010, the biggest general government expenditure item was again social protection on which expenditure amounted to some EUR 43 billion, or 23.9 per cent of GDP. EUR 32 billion of the social expenditure was social benefits in cash, i.e. assistance and pensions paid to households. Around five per cent more of them were paid in 2010 than in the previous year. After social protection, the second largest share of expenditure, or EUR 14 billion and eight per cent or so of GDP, was spent on health.

General government consumption expenditure grew by two per cent in 2010, i.e. clearly more slowly than total expenditure. Consumption expenditure depicts current expenses incurred by general government from the production of services.

General government total expenditure here refers to consolidated general government expenditure. Consolidated expenditure excludes property expenditure, capital transfers and income transfers between general government sub-sectors, e.g. income transfers from central government to local government. Since total expenditure is by nature gross expenditure, in the case of the local government sector it includes, for instance, acquisitions made by municipalities from their own municipal enterprises. These acquisitions are correspondingly also visible in the sector’s total revenue. General government comprises central government, local government, employment pension schemes and other social security funds.


Source: National Accounts, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Niina Suutarinen (09) 1734 3302, Jukka Hytönen (09) 1734 3484, skt.95@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ari Tyrkkö

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Updated 31.1.2012

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): General government expenditure by function [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-0828. 2010. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 14.11.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/jmete/2010/jmete_2010_2012-01-31_tie_001_en.html