This is archive content that is no longer updated.

Go to the up-to-date statistics page.

A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Consumer price index 2022, February

Published: 14 January 2022

Inflation 3.5 per cent in December

The year-on-year change in consumer prices calculated by Statistics Finland was 3.5 per cent in December. In November, inflation stood at 3.7 per cent. Inflation slowed down above all because the rising of liquid fuel prices eased off. In 2021, the average inflation rate was 2.2 per cent.

Inflation indicators in Finland, December 2021

Point figure Annual change (%) Monthly change (%)
Consumer Price Index 2015=100 107.5 3.5 -0.1
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 2049
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2015=100 107.6 3.2 -0.1
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2015=100 106.2 3.0 -0.1

Consumer prices were raised most in December by increases in the prices of capital repair on detached houses, petrol, electricity, diesel, and renovation of blocks of flats from one year ago. The rising of consumer prices from one year back was curbed most by reductions in the prices of children’s day care, average interest rate on housing loans and consumer credit, long-distance train journeys and medical examination and treatment fees. From November to December, consumer prices decreased by 0.1 per cent which was caused by lower prices of fuels, for example.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland's interviewers collect altogether 19,000 prices on nearly 400 commodities from approximately 2,100 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. The price data is supplemented with scanner data wherefrom 5 million individual prices are included into calculation. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 5.0 per cent in December

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 5.0 per cent in December. In November, it was 4.9 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland was 3.2 per cent in December.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings, the vehicle tax or fishing and hunting fees. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, as well as the rules governing its compilation, have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for December on 20 January. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage , (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 3.0 per cent in December

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 3.2 per cent in December and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 3.0 per cent. The combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates made after December 2020 was thus 0.2 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was -0.1 per cent and that in the Index at Constant Taxes -0.1 per cent in December.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

In the Index at Constant Taxes, the impact on inflation from changes in the value added tax and other commodity taxes has been eliminated by keeping the taxes constant relative to the index base period. The Index measures market inflation or the change in prices caused by reasons other than changes in commodity taxes. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices and the Index at Constant Taxes.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Kristiina Nieminen 029 551 2957, Hannele Markkanen 029 551 3358, khi@stat.fi

Head of Department in charge: Hannele Orjala

Publication in pdf-format (381.8 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Calculators

Appendix tables

Figures

Updated 14.01.2022

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. December 2021. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 10.8.2022].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2021/12/khi_2021_12_2022-01-14_tie_001_en.html