Published: 27 August 2020

Consumption of hard coal decreased by 34 per cent in January to June

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, the consumption of hard coal decreased by 34 per cent in January to June 2020 compared with the corresponding period of last year. The consumption of hard coal as a fuel in the generation of electricity and heat amounted to 0.963 million tonnes, corresponding to 25 petajoules in energy content.

Consumption of hard coal, 1,000 tonnes

Consumption of hard coal, 1,000 tonnes

Compared with the average for the last five years, 43 per cent less hard coal was consumed in the first half of 2020. Compared with one year ago, the consumption of hard coal contracted most in January, by 51 per cent.

Energy consumption in Finland typically fluctuates seasonally. Some of the fluctuation in the consumption of hard coal is explained by the natural variation in the need for electricity and heat between the summer and winter seasons. The difference between individual statistical reference years can be explained by variations in the demand for heating energy and the Nordic water situation, which particularly influences the electricity exchange price and thus the demand for separate production of electricity as well. The use of fossil fuels has been replaced by renewable energy.

At the end of June, the stocks of coal amounted to 1.9 million tonnes. Compared with one year back, the stocks were two per cent lower. The time series has been corrected retrospectively until 2016.

Source: Consumption of hard coal, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Aira Hast 029 551 3394,

Director in charge: Jan Nokkala

Publication in pdf-format (222.2 kB)


Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Revisions in these statistics

Updated 27.8.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumption of hard coal [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2588. June 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 26.10.2020].
Access method: