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Published: 9 May 2018

Current expenditure on the regular education system remained unchanged in 2016

According to Statistics Finland, current expenditure on education was in 2016 on level with the year before. Current expenditure on education totalled EUR 12.2 billion in 2016. Costs of comprehensive school education made up the biggest share of current expenditure on education. EUR 4.7 billion were used on comprehensive school education in 2016. The shares were next biggest in university education and research, on which EUR 2.3 billion were spent and in vocational education, on which EUR 1.7 were used.

Current expenditure on regular education system by type of expenditure 2016

Type of expenditure           EUR million              % 
Pre-primary education 1) 361 3,0
Comprehensive school education 4 691 38,4
Upper secondary general education 730 6,0
Vocational education 1 749 14,3
Apprenticeship training 142 1,2
University of applied sciences education 916 7,5
University education and research 2) 2 284 18,7
Other education 474 3,9
Financial aid for students 866 7,1
Total 12 213 100,0
1) Pre-primary education for 6-year-old children (pre-school education) in daycare centres and comprehensive schools.
2) Includes universities' external financing for research.

Current expenditure on education relative to GDP was 5.7 per cent in 2016. The share has been falling starting from 2010.

Current expenditure on education and current expenditure per student have decreased in real terms since 2010. Between 2000 and 2016, total current expenditure on education and current expenditure per student were in real terms highest in 2010. Current expenditure was converted to correspond to the price level of 2016 by means of the industry-specific price index of national accounts describing public education expenditure. Real change means that the effect of price changes has been taken into account.

Real development of current expenditure on education 2000 – 2016

Real development of current expenditure on education 2000 – 2016

There are differences in the expenditure development of various sectors of education. Expenditure on pre-primary education has grown in real terms compared to 2010. Expenditure on comprehensive school education was in real terms slightly higher in 2016 than in 2010. Expenditure on other sectors of education has decreased. Expenditure on vocational education and apprenticeship training has fallen most in real terms over the 2010s.

Source: Education. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Mika Tuononen 029 551 3504, Vesa Hämäläinen 029 551 2594,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Updated 9.5.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Educational finances [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0963. 2016. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 28.5.2023].
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