Population and Society

Finland in Figures is an information package about Finland and Finns. 

On this page

Elections

Development of population

Content available in Excel format

Population structure on 31 December

Population, thousand 1990 1950 2000 2020 2021
Total 2 656 4 030 5 181 5 534 5 548
Males 1 311 1 926 2 529 2 734 2 743
Females 1 345 2 104 2 652 2 800 2 805
Age, %
0–14 35,1 30,0 18,1 15,6 15,4
15–64 59,6 63,4 66,9 61,7 61,6
65–84 5,2 6,4 13,5 19,9 20,2
85– 0,1 0,2 1,5 2,8 2,8
Average age, years
Males 26,3 28,6 37,7 42,1 42,3
Females 27,5 31,6 41,0 44,7 44,8
Language 1), %
Finnish 86,8 91,1 92,4 86,9 86,5
Swedish 12,9 8,6 5,6 5,2 5,2
Sami 0,10 0,10 0,03 0,04 0,04
Other 0,3 0,2 1,9 7,8 8,3
Marital status, %
Single 60,9 53,3 47,1 48,9 49,2
Males 63,0 55,6 51,1 52,8 53,1
Females 58,9 50,8 43,2 45,1 45,4
Married 2) 33,6 39,4 38,3 35,3 34,9
Males 34,0 41,2 39,2 35,7 35,3
Females 33,2 38,0 37,5 34,9 34,6
Divorced and widowed 2) 5,5 7,2 14,6 15,8 15,9
Males 3,0 3,2 9,7 11,6 11,6
Females 7,9 11,2 19,3 19,9 20,0
Religion, %
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland 3) 98,1 95,0 85,1 67,8 66,6
Greek Orthodox Church 4) 1,7 1,7 1,1 1,1 1,1
Other 0,2 0,5 1,1 1,7 1,8
Population Register or unknown - 2,8 12,7 29,4 30,6

1) Finnish and Swedish are the official languages
2) In 2020–2021 incl. registered partnerships
3) Incl. other Lutheran churches
4) Incl. other Orthodox churches

Age structure of population on 31 December

Content available in Excel format

Population and population projection by age group

Content available in Excel format

Vital statistics

2000    2010 2020 2021
Live births 56 742 60 980 46 463 49 594
Deaths 49 339 50 887 55 488 57 659
Natural population increase 7 403 10 093 -9 025 -8 065
Immigration 16 895 25 636 32 898 36 364
Emigration 14 311 11 905 15 084 13 459
Net immigration  2 584 13 731 17 814 22 905
Marriages 1) 27 751 31 925 22 082 19 579
Divorces 1) 14 096 13 807 13 478 12 166
Total change 9 813 23 849 8 501 14 448
Population 5 181 115 5 375 276 5 533 793 5 548 241

1) Marriages contracted and divorces where at least one of the spouses is living permanently in Finland

Content available in Excel format

Live births and deaths

Content available in Excel format

Life expectancy

Age 2000 2010 2020
Males Females Males Females Males Females
Years
  0 v. 74,1 81,0 76,7 83,2 79,0 84,6
10 v. 64,6 71,4 67,0 73,5 69,3 74,8
20 v. 54,8 61,5 57,2 63,6 59,5 64,9
30 v. 45,4 51,7 47,8 53,8 49,9 55,1
40 v. 36,1 42,1 38,3 44,0 40,4 45,3
50 v. 27,3 32,7 29,3 34,6 31,2 35,7
60 v. 19,2 23,7 21,1 25,5 22,6 26,4
70 v. 12,1 15,2 13,8 17,0 14,9 17,8
80 v. 6,6 8,2 7,6 9,4 8,4 10,1

Causes of death, 2021

Cause of death Deaths % Males % Females %
Diseases of the circulatory system 18 789 33 9 621 33 9 168 32
Neoplasms 13 550 24 7 348 25 6 202 22
Dementia, Alzheimer's disease 11 455 20 4 009 14 7 446 26
Accidents excl. alcohol poisonings 2 336 4 1 475 5 861 3
Diseases of the respiratory system 1 766 3 1 102 4 664 2
Alcohol related diseases and accidental poisoning by alcohol 1 646 3 1 265 4 381 1
Diseases of the digestive system 1 401 2 662 2 739 3
COVID-19 virus infection 952 2 539 2 413 1
Suicides 747 1 524 2 223 1
Other causes of death 4 990 9 2 595 9 2 395 8
Deaths total 57 632 100 29 140 100 28 492 100

Migration

Content available in Excel format

Population by origin and language, 2021

Content available in Excel format

Population by language on 31 December

2018     2019 2020 2021 %
National languages, total 5 126 173 5 112 648 5 100 946 5 090 199 91,7
Finnish 4 835 778 4 822 690 4 811 067 4 800 243 86,5
Swedish 288 400 287 954 287 871 287 933 5,2
Sami 1 995 2 004 2 008 2 023 0,0
Foreign languages, total 391 746 412 644 432 847 458 042 8,3
Russian 79 225 81 606 84 190 87 552 1,6
Estonian 49 691 49 427 49 551 50 232 0,9
Arabic 29 462 31 920 34 282 36 466 0,7
English 20 713 22 052 23 433 25 638 0,5
Somali 20 944 21 920 22 794 23 656 0,4
Farsi, Persian 13 017 14 118 15 105 16 432 0,3
Kurdish 14 054 14 803 15 368 15 850 0,3
Chinese 12 407 13 064 13 778 14 780 0,3
Albanian 10 990 11 806 12 664 13 830 0,2
Vietnamese 10 440 11 094 11 562 12 310 0,2
Total 5 517 919 5 525 292 5 533 793 5 548 241 100

Population by citizenship

Country of citizenship 2018 2019 2020 2021 Increase of population 2020–2021, %
Finland 5 260 347 5 257 663 5 254 876 5 251 777 -0,1
Foreign countries total 257 572 267 629 278 917 296 464 6,3
Estonia 51 456 50 860 50 866 51 805 1,8
Russia 28 747 28 528 28 866 30 049 4,1
Iraq 13 078 13 943 14 708 15 075 2,5
China 9 230 9 825 10 458 11 405 9,1
India 5 730 6 751 7 237 8 245 13,9
Thailand 7 632 7 772 7 851 7 925 0,9
Sweden 7 996 7 983 8 041 7 921 -1,5
Afghanistan 6 198 6 666 7 059 7 686 8,9
Vietnam 5 941 6 350 6 630 7 237 9,2
Syrian Arab Republic 6 016 6 579 6 915 7 203 4,2
Ukraine 4 593 5 126 5 837 7 202 23,4
Others 110 955 117 246 124 449 134 711 8,2
Total 5 517 919 5 525 292 5 533 793 5 548 241 0,3

Finnish citizenships granted

Persons permanently resident in Finland

Country of previous citizenship 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Russia 2 758 1 766 1 946 1 546 1 161
Iraq 742 621 589 602 744
Somalia 957 856 583 541 436
Estonia 705 541 658 516 370
Syrian Arab Republic 118 118 299 205 360
Sweden 212 210 248 196 282
Afghanistan 469 339 309 264 227
Thailand 261 249 281 304 209
Ukraine 281 202 255 220 171
Iran 309 244 205 156 155
Others 5 407 4 065 4 276 3 266 2 528
Total 12 219 9 211 9 649 7 816 6 643

Asylum-seekers and refugee quota

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Asylum-seekers 32 477 5 647 5 047 4 548 4 550 3 209 2 545
Decisions on asylum 1)
Asylum granted 1 112 4 586 2 528 1 852 2 073 2 066 2 132
Residence permit granted 2) 767 3 159 1 256 888 888 566 380
No asylum or residence permit granted 3) 1 307 14 282 3 996 1 976 2 875 1 196 893
Family reunification
Positive decisions 986 1 179 2 080 1 752 1 531 1 360 1 214
Negative decisions 406 283 619 745 613 350 221
Refugee quota 1 050 750 750 750 750 850 1 050

1) Decisions of the Finnish Immigration Service
2) Incl. residence permits granted on the basis of humanitarian and subsidiary protection
3) Change in the statistical practice from the beginning of 2015

Families, 2021

Family type All families Average size of family Families with children aged 0–17 Families with children aged 0–6
Total 1 465 978 2,72 553 613 253 076
Married couple 1) with children 381 559 3,95 309 961 140 264
Cohabiting couples 2) with children 126 099 3,70 114 574 70 620
Mother with children 151 158 2,56 109 333 38 817
Father with children 34 462 2,34 19 745 3 375
Married couple 1) without children 538 099 2,00 . .
Cohabiting couples of opposite sex without children 234 601 2,00 . .

1) Incl. registered partnerships
2) Incl. same-sex spouses, of which one is the confirmed mother

Families with children and the number of children

A family with underage children is a family comprising at least one child aged under 18 living at home

Families with children Total 1 child 2 children 3 children 4+ children
2000 612 627 268 369 230 758 85 025 28 475
2010 582 360 254 551 222 596 76 860 28 353
2021 553 613 238 496 218 171 70 017 26 929
2021, % 100 43,1 39,4 12,6 4,9

Demographic dependency ratio by municipality, 2021

Content available in Excel format

Regional division as on 1 January 2022

Population data by region

Region Population 31.12. Increase of population, %
Regional division as on 1 January 2022 2020 2021 2020–2021
Uusimaa 1 702 678 1 714 741 0,7
Southwest Finland 481 403 483 477 0,4
Satakunta 215 416 214 281 -0,5
Kanta-Häme 170 577 170 213 -0,2
Pirkanmaa 522 852 527 478 0,9
Päijät-Häme 205 771 205 124 -0,3
Kymenlaakso 162 812 161 391 -0,9
South Karelia 126 921 126 107 -0,6
South Savo 132 702 131 688 -0,8
North Savo 248 265 248 363 0,0
North Karelia 163 537 163 281 -0,2
Central Finland 272 617 272 683 0,0
South Ostrobothnia 192 150 191 762 -0,2
Ostrobothnia 175 816 176 041 0,1
Central Ostrobothnia 67 988 67 915 -0,1
North Ostrobothnia 413 830 415 603 0,4
Kainuu 71 664 71 255 -0,6
Lapland 176 665 176 494 -0,1
Åland 30 129 30 344 0,7
Whole country 5 533 793 5 548 241 0,3

Population in the largest municipalities

The total number of municipalities 309. Regional division as on 1 January 2022.

Municipality Population Increase of population
31.12.2021 2020–2021 %
1. Helsinki 658 457 1 537 0,2
2. Espoo 297 132 4 336 1,5
3. Tampere 244 223 3 214 1,3
4. Vantaa 239 206 1 975 0,8
5. Oulu 209 551 2 224 1,1
6. Turku 195 137 746 0,4
7. Jyväskylä 144 473 1 053 0,7
8. Kuopio 121 543 1 333 1,1
9. Lahti 120 027 43 0,0
10. Pori 83 482 -202 -0,2

Development of selected offences

Offences recorded by the police, Finnish Customs and the Finnish Border Guard

  2019 2020 2021
Offences and infractions total 818 528 686 045 501 398
Offences against the Criminal Code 452 771 543 429 482 593
Theft, petty theft 126 906 139 121 127 791
Breaking into a residence or summer house 4 534 4 722 3 896
Breaking into business premises 2 965 3 064 2 446
Shoplifting 47 720 52 453 52 319
Robbery 1 809 1 996 1 893
Damage to property 30 519 33 443 31 806
Fraud, embezzlement 32 167 37 269 39 592
Means of payment frauds 6 296 7 363 6 359
Manslaughter, murder, killing 72 86 83
Attempted manslaughter, murder or killing 329 383 374
Assault 33 849 33 285 34 123
Sexual exploitation of a child 1 709 1 770 2 089
Rape, aggravated rape 1 477 1 450 1 851
Traffic offences 110 660 132 434 134 442
Drunken driving 18 498 20 216 17 370
Drunken driving, under the influence of alcohol 10 347 9 510 8 835
Drunken driving, under the influence of other intoxicant 7 006 9 248 7 338
Violation of privacy, peace and honour 10 308 31 784 12 369
Offences involving narcotics 32 307 37 077 28 212
Unlawful use of narcotics 21 074 23 785 19 295

Source: Statistics Finland, statistics on offences and coercive measures

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 20.12.2022

Parliamentary elections 2019

Party Votes % Change from 2015 Seats
% points 2019 2015
Finnish Social Democratic Party 546 471 17,7 1,2 40 34
Finns Party 538 805 17,5 -0,2 39 38
National Coalition Party 523 957 17,0 -1,2 38 37
Centre Party of Finland 423 920 13,8 -7,3 31 49
Green League 354 194 11,5 3,0 20 15
Left Alliance 251 808 8,2 1,0 16 12
Swedish People´s Party in Finland 139 640 4,5 -0,3 9 9
Christian Democrats in Finland 120 144 3,9 0,4 5 5
Blue Reform 29 943 1,0 1,0 - -
Other parties 63 452 2,1 0,2 - -
Others 89 582 2,9 2,0 2 1
Total 3 081 916 100   200 200
Female candidates 1 453 377 47,2 4,6 94 83

Corrected on 28 April 2022. The corrections are indicated in red.

Voting turnout of Finnish citizens resident in Finland 72.1%, Finns resident abroad included 68.7%

Voting turnout 1) in parliamentary elections, 1908–2019

Content available in Excel format

European Parliament elections 2019

Party Votes % Change from 2014 Number of Euro-MPs elected
% points
National Coalition Party 380 460 20,8 -1,8 3
Green League 292 892 16,0 6,7 2
Finnish Social Democratic Party 267 603 14,6 2,3 2
Finns Party 253 176 13,8 1,0 2
Centre Party of Finland 247 477 13,5 -6,1 2
Left Alliance 126 063 6,9 -2,4 1
Swedish People´s Party in Finland 115 962 6,3 -0,4 1
Christian Democrats in Finland  89 204 4,9 -0,4 -
Others 57 208 3,1 1,2 -
Total 1 830 045 100 - 13
Females 1 000 059 54,6 6,0  

Voting turnout of Finnish citizens resident in Finland 42.7%

Municipal elections 2021

Party Votes %
National Coalition Party 522 623 21,4
Finnish Social Democratic Party 433 811 17,7
Centre Party of Finland 363 364 14,9
Finns Party 354 236 14,5
Green League 259 104 10,6
Left Alliance 194 385 7,9
Swedish People´s Party in Finland 121 494 5,0
Christian Democrats in Finland 88 259 3,6
Movement Now 38 943 1,6
Other parties 19 611 0,8
Constituency associations 50 482 2,1
Total 2 446 312 100

Voting turnout 55.1%

Presidential election 2018

1st round on 28 Jan. 2018
Candidate Votes %
Sauli Niinistö 1 875 342 62,6
Pekka Haavisto 371 254 12,4
Laura Huhtasaari 207 337 6,9
Paavo Väyrynen 185 305 6,2
Matti Vanhanen 122 383 4,1
Tuula Haatainen 97 294 3,2
Merja Kyllönen 89 977 3,0
Nils Torvalds 44 776 1,5
Total 2 993 668 100

Voting turnout of Finnish citizens resident in Finland 69.9%, Finns resident abroad included 66.8%

Sauli Niinistö was elected President of the Republic in the first round of the elections

County elections 2022

Party Votes %
National Coalition Party 401 853 21,6
Finnish Social Democratic Party 359 462 19,3
Centre Party of Finland 356 851 19,2
Finns Party 206 637 11,1
Left Alliance 148 720 8,0
Green League

137 221

7,4
Swedish People´s Party in Finland 91 409 4,9
Christian Democrats in Finland 78 914 4,2
Movement Now 33 767 1,8
Valta kuuluu kansalle (VKK) 24 189 1,3
Other parties 7 819 0,4
Constituency associations 12 684 0,7
Total 1 859 526 100

Voting turnout 47,5%.

Corrected on 11 April 2022. The corrections are indicated in red.

Main topic: Population and Society

 

More statistical figures in the StatFin database

Finland in Figures only includes the key figures on Finland and Finns. You can find more figures on various sectors of society in the easy-to-use StatFin database.

The database also provides regional data, such as the population of municipalities.

Last updated 20 Jan 2023