Housing and Construction

Finland in Figures is an information package about Finland and Finns. 

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Buildings and free-time residences

Building type 1980 1990 2000 2010 2019 2020 1)
  Thousand          
Residential buildings 840 1 005 1 111 1 235 1 308 1 319
Detached houses 773 908 993 1 102 1 163 1 170
Attached houses 23 53 66 76 83 84
Blocks of flats 44 45 52 57 62 65
Other buildings 92 158 189 211 230 217
Free-time residences 252 368 451 489 512 508
Saunas 2) 548 932 1 212 1 502 1 686 1 720

Corrected on 4 June 2021. The corrections are indicated in red.

1) The type of building is formed based on the Classification of Buildings 2018.
2) Only saunas in flats. The total number of saunas was estimated to be over 2,3 million at the end of 2020.

Dwellings and living conditions

  1990 2000 2010 2019 2020 1)
Total number of dwellings, thousand 2 210 2 512 2 808 3 076 3 124
Detached houses, % 42,3 40,3 40,5 37,9 37,7
Attached houses, % 11,8 13,5 13,6 13,5 13,4
Blocks of flats, % 42,5 43,5 44,0 46,9 47,0
Tenure status          
Owner-occupied dwelling, % 66,8 58,1 59,2 55,6 55,2
Rented dwelling, % 24,7 30,8 29,3 32,8 32,7
Right of occupancy dwelling, % . . 1,0 1,3 1,6 1,6
Other form of tenure or unknown, % 8,4 10,1 10,3 10,0 10,4
Floor area per dwelling, m2 74,4 76,5 79,5 79,3 79,4
Permanently occupied dwellings, thousand 2 037 2 295 2 537 2 734 2 767
Floor area per person, m2 31,4 35,3 39,1 41,0 41,3
Persons living in overcrowded dwellings 2), % 30,4 23,7 17,9 16,5 16,1

Corrected on 10 August 2021. The corrections are indicated in red.

1) The type of building is formed based on the Classification of Buildings 2018.
2) More than one person per room, excl. kitchen.

Household-dwelling units, 2021

A household-dwelling unit consists of all persons occupying the same dwelling on a permanent basis

Size of household­dwelling unit Total % One-dwelling and two-dwelling houses Terraced houses Blocks of flats Other buildings
1 person 1 282 488 45,9 254 704 174 176 825 340 28 268
2 persons 902 372 32,3 429 798 120 817 341 530 10 227
3 persons 272 792 9,8 147 725 40 799 81 474 2 794
4+ persons 335 984 12,0 226 130 41 045 65 815 2 994
Total 2 793 636 100 1 058 357 376 837 1 314 159 44 283

Completed buildings and dwellings

Completed buildings   2000 2010 2020 2021
Total mil. m3 39,02 35,32 37,21 36,29
Residential mil. m3 13,56 11,10 12,48 11,83
Commercial and office buildings mil. m3 6,20 5,56 4,81 4,01
Industrial buildings and warehouses mil. m3 8,16 7,51 9,33 9,73
Other mil. m3 11,09 11,15 10,59 10,72
Completed dwellings   2000 2010 2020 2021
Total Number 35 361 25 428 39 026 37 434
Detached and semi-detached houses Number 18 170 13 630 10 304 10 124
Blocks of flats Number 16 772 11 140 28 062 26 887
Residential buildings for communities Number 18 213 - -
Dwellings of special groups Number - 85 163 100
Other than residential buildings Number 401 360 497 323

Completed dwellings

Content available in Excel format

Volume index of newbuilding 2015 = 100

New buildings, building expansions and alterations comparable to rebuilding

Content available in Excel format

Building cost index 2000 = 100 by type of cost

Building cost index 2000=100 by type of cost

Prices of dwellings in blocks of flats

Data on old dwellings based on the Tax Administration's data, data on new dwellings based on the data of the Central Federation of Finnish Real Estate Agencies and Statistics Finland

  Old dwellings New dwellings
Year Helsinki region Rest of Finland Helsinki region Rest of Finland
  Unencumbered average prices, €/m2
2015 3 515 1 588 5 111 3 452
2016 3 584 1 582 5 168 3 733
2017 3 718 1 598 5 206 3 859
2018 3 874 1 598 5 450 3 997
2019 3 966 1 590 5 873 4 073
2020 4 152 1 590 6 262 4 238
2021 4 380 1 635 6 441 4 376

Dwellings in old blocks of flats: real price indices

Content available in Excel format

Prices of real estate

  Old single family houses Single family house plots
Year Average
price
Index Real price
index
Average
price
Index Real price
index
  €/m2 2015 = 100 2015 = 100 €/m2 2015 = 100 2015 = 100
2015 1 541 100,0 100,0 18,6 100,0 100,0
2016 1 549 100,1 99,8 21,2 98,1 97,8
2017 1 560 98,8 97,7 22,7 97,9 96,9
2018 1 545 96,9 95,0 23,5 103,2 101,1
2019 1 588 96,0 92,9 22,4 100,0 96,9
2020 1 629 97,4 94,0 23,1 107,6 103,9
2021 1 749 103,5 97,8 24,7 115,9 109,6

Average rents of rented dwellings

  Non-subsidised dwellings  Government-subsidised dwellings 
Year Helsinki region Rest of Finland Helsinki region Rest of Finland
  €/m2/month €/m2/month €/m2/month €/m2/month
2015 16,87 11,22 12,19 10,39
2016 17,49 11,51 12,42 10,51
2017 18,39 12,29 12,74 10,72
2018 18,78 12,58 12,98 10,80
2019 19,29 12,85 13,10 10,92
2020 20,12 12,99 13,29 11,05
2021 20,28 13,05 13,41 11,13

Main topic: Housing and construction

 

More statistical figures in the StatFin database

Finland in Figures only includes the key figures on Finland and Finns. You can find more figures on various sectors of society in the easy-to-use StatFin database.

The database also provides regional data, such as the population of municipalities.

Last updated 20 May 2022