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Published: 21 March 2013

Employment rate of highly educated people is high


According to Statistics Finland, the employment rate of those with tertiary level degrees was 83.8 per cent in 2010. The figure was 15 percentage points higher than for people aged 15 to 64, on average. The employment rate has, as a rule, improved in all levels of education up to the recession in 2008, after which the employment rate of those with lower-level tertiary qualifications, in particular, decreased temporarily. The employment rate of doctors has remained high, at over 90 per cent throughout the decade. The employment rate of those with polytechnic degrees and higher-level university degrees is also at a record level.

Employment rate of those with tertiary level degrees by level of qualification in 2000-2010

Employment rate of those with tertiary level degrees by level of qualification in 2000-2010
The employment rate of those with higher-level tertiary qualifications and postgraduate level degrees in the field of technology dropped by some three percentage points due to the recession, to 88 per cent. The development of the employment rate among those with degrees from natural sciences has also been descending. Their employment rate decreased by two percentage points during the 2000s, and was slightly under 85 per cent in 2010. The employment rate of those with higher-level tertiary qualifications within the fields of medical and health grew to nearly 93 per cent by the end of the reference period. The employment rate of those who had studied humanities also improved.

Employment rate of those with higher-level tertiary qualifications and postgraduate level degrees by field of science in 2000-2010

Employment rate of those with higher-level tertiary qualifications and postgraduate level degrees by field of science in 2000-2010
There were 1.19 million people with tertiary level degrees in 2010. Of these, good two per cent were foreign citizens. The share of foreign citizens has grown by one percentage point over a decade. Over the same period, the share of all foreign citizens aged between 16 and 74 has increased by 1.7 percentage points. A majority of the foreigners, 37 per cent, came from EU countries. Thirty per cent came from other European countries, 19 per cent from Asia, and 14 per cent from other parts of the world.

Share of highly educated foreign citizens of the population in 2000-2010

Share of highly educated foreign citizens of the population in 2000-2010
The share of employed foreign citizens with higher-level tertiary qualifications and post-graduate level degrees in their own reference group grew steadily in the 2000s, apart from those with degrees in humanities. Differences between fields of science were small. In the fields of medical and health and technology, foreign citizens with a degree represented a slightly higher share. Social sciences, in turn, attracted in relative terms somewhat fewer foreign citizens to Finland than other fields. This was due to the large number of teachers in the field of social sciences. When looking at the people with the highest level of education, doctors, the situation changes. The share of foreign doctors of science in technology among all doctors of science in technology increased by three percentage points over a decade, stabilising at around 6.5 per cent. The share of foreign doctors of medical sciences has remained low, below two per cent throughout the reference period.

Share of employed persons among those with higher-level tertiary qualifications and post-graduate level degrees by field of science in 2000-2010

Share of employed persons among those with higher-level tertiary qualifications and post-graduate level degrees by field of science in 2000-2010

Share of employed persons among foreign citizens with doctor's degrees by field of science in 2000-2010

Share of employed persons among foreign citizens with doctor's degrees by field of science in 2000-2010

Source: Human resources of science and technology 2011. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Marianne Kaplas 09 1734 3421

Director in charge: Hannele Orjala

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Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

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Updated 21.03.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Human resources of science and technology [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-3244. 2011. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.2.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tthv/2011/tthv_2011_2013-03-21_tie_001_en.html