The annual national greenhouse gas inventory and the international reporting of the results provide the factual basis for the planning and monitoring of climate policy. The Kyoto Protocol obligated the participating countries to establish national system for the monitoring of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and sinks by the end of 2006. The objective of the national system is to guarantee the preparation of an annual greenhouse gas inventory, which complies with the quality criteria set for the inventories, and its reporting to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and the Commission of the European Union. The national system produces the emission and background data of the inventory. Included are also the archiving of the data used in emission calculations, the publication of the results, participation in inventory investigations and the quality management of the inventory.
Finland was the first participant country to establish a permanent greenhouse gas monitoring mechanism in 2004. The schedule set for the EU Member States was at the end of 2005. Finland's national system is described in the report National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System in Finland.
Finland's national system
Statistics Finland is the responsible unit of Finland's greenhouse gas inventory. The tasks assigned to the responsible unit are carried out by the Greenhouse gas inventory unit.
In Finland the national system is based on the regulations concerning Statistics Finland, the agreements between Statistics Finland and expert organisations on the production of emission calculations and reporting as well as collaboration with the responsible ministries. In addition, Statistics Finland outsources certain parts of the calculations.
The expert organisations participating in the calculations are Statistics Finland, the Finnish Environment Institute, Agrifood Research Finland as well as the Finnish Forest Research Institute. Other key parties are the ministries participating in the preparation of climate policy, namely the Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, The Ministry of Employment and Economy as well as the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The resources of the national monitoring mechanism are allocated to the expert organisations via the ministries' management by results.
Division of tasks
As the national responsible unit, Statistics Finland is responsible for the general management of the inventory, quality management of the entire inventory as well as contacts with the UNFCC and the European Union. Statistics Finland co-ordinates participation in inventory investigations and publishes and archives the inventory results. In addition, Statistics Finland acts as an expert organisation by producing for the inventory the emission data on the energy sector and industrial processes. A part of the energy sector emissions data are obtained from the Technical Research Centre of Finland (transport and work vehicles) and Finavia (civil air traffic).
The Finnish Environment Institute produces the emissions data on the waste sector and F-gases. The emissions data on agriculture are calculated by Agrifood Research Finland. The Finnish Forest research Institute and Agrifood research Finland produce the inventory data on land use, change in land use and the forestry sector.
The division of calculation tasks and the procedures adjusted for the Finnish conditions have been recorded in the calculation protocols. The agreements with expert organisations confirm the division of responsibilities recorded in the calculation protocols and specify procedures in the annual calculations.
Figure. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System in Finland
The description for the national registry for the national registry for initial report under the Kyoto Protocol was provided to UNFCCC secretariat as part of Finland's initial report under the Kyoto Protocol). The registry was connected to the international transaction log (ITL) of the UNFCCC secretariat in October 2008.
The Energy Market Authority is responsible for national registry, the internal reporting system and database management. The Energy Market Authority is committed to produce the necessary information on emission reduction units, certified emission reductions, temporary certified emission reductions, long-term certified emission reductions and assigned amount units and removals units for annual inventory submissions in accordance with the guidelines for preparation of information under Article 7 of the Kyoto protocol. This reporting is done using so-called standard electronic tables (SEF).
European Union monitoring mechanism of greenhouse gas emissions
As a participant in the UNFCC, the European Union is obliged to report the community greenhouse gas emissions to the UNFCC. The purpose of the EU's greenhouse gas monitoring mechanism is to monitor the development of the community's greenhouse gas emissions towards the mandatory emission reduction targets. Decisions and guidelines concerning the EU's monitoring mechanism impose their own requirements on the national inventories of the Member States.
Last updated 20.8.2010