Published: 20 December 2018

Carbon dioxide emissions in the energy sector went up by 4 per cent in January to September

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, total energy consumption in January to September amounted to 997 million terajoule, which was one per cent more than in the corresponding period last year. Electricity consumption amounted to 64 terawatt hours, which is three per cent more than one year earlier. The use of peat increased clearly, which was the main reason for the four per cent growth in carbon dioxide emissions in the energy sector.

Total energy consumption

Total energy consumption
*preliminary

The consumption of peat grew in January to September by 30 per cent compared with the corresponding period of last year. Examined in the longer term, the consumption of peat has, however, been on the decline and this year the consumption increased especially as a result of the cold weather in the early part of the year. Carbon dioxide emissions also increased as the consumption of natural gas started to rise after having fallen for seven years. The consumption of wood fuels went down by five per cent and that of coal by two per cent.

The growth in the consumption of electricity was caused by the cold weather as well as the improved economic situation of industry. The production of condensing power, which has been falling in several successive years, grew by 51 per cent in this year's January to September. Solar and wind power also continued growing strongly. Net imports of electricity decreased by four per cent, which was mostly due to increased exports to Estonia.

In January to September, diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 7.9 billion, which was 23 per cent more than one year earlier. Most energy products were imported from Russia, whose share of the value of imports was 63 per cent. Energy products were exported to the value of EUR 4 billion, which was 15 per cent more than one year previously. Most energy products were exported from Finland to EU countries, which accounted for 80 per cent of the value of exports.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source I-III/2018* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 1) 227,461 0 23
Coal 2) 82,205 -2 8
Natural gas 3) 54,850 9 6
Nuclear energy 4) 174,693 2 18
Net imports of electricity 5) 54,324 -4 5
Hydro power 5) 36,684 -4 4
Wind power 5) 14,746 28 2
Peat 49,181 30 5
Wood fuels 258,255 -5 26
Others 6) 44,747 13 5
TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION 997,147 1 100
Bunkers 34,378 23 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 31 4 .
* = Preliminary data
. = Category not applicable
1) Oil: includes the bio part of transport fuels.
2) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
3) The consumption of natural gas does not include raw material use.
4) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
5) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
6) Others: includes exothermic heat from industry, recovered fuels, heat pumps, hydrogen, biogas, other bioenergy and solar energy.

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Ville Maljanen 029 551 2691, energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

Publication in pdf-format (259.5 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Figures
Revisions in these statistics

Updated 20.12.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 3rd quarter 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.2.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/ehk/2018/03/ehk_2018_03_2018-12-20_tie_001_en.html