These statistics have been discontinued.

No new data will be produced from these statistics.

Concepts and definitions

HRSTE personnel

HRSTE personnel (human resources in science and technology - education, highly educated) comprise employees who have at least the lowest level of tertiary degree.

Tertiary degrees refer to degrees obtained at the following levels of education (Statistics Finland: Classification of Education, Handbooks 1, Helsinki):

5 Lowest level of tertiary education

6 Lower-degree level of tertiary education

7 Higher-degree level of tertiary education

8 Doctorate or equivalent level of tertiary education

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Human resources of science and technology [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-3244. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 28.1.2022].
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