Concepts and definitions


Transport within one country with a vehicle registered in another country.

Dangerous goods

Dangerous goods are substances that may cause damage to people, property or the environment due to their corrosive, flammable, explosive, spontaneously combustible, toxic, oxidising, radioactive, biological, water reactive or other nature.


Total number of kilometres driven by a vehicle or a specified subgroup during a certain time period, usually one year.

International road transport

Transport from Finland to abroad and from abroad to Finland, between third countries, and cabotage.

Licensed transport

Transportation of people or goods against a fee (for hire or reward). Practising of the transportation is subject to a permission from a licensing authority.

Load capacity

The load capacity of a vehicle refers to the highest weight of load that authorities in its country of registration have permitted it to carry (difference between gross weight and own weight).

Loading ratio

Weight of load relative to the load capacity of a lorry.

National road transport

Road transport between two places (a place of loading/embarkation and a place of unloading/disembarkation) located in Finland with vehicles registered in Finland for private and licensed transport (for hire or reward). The trip may include transit in the area of another country.


Tonne-kilometre describes the volume of transport, and is obtained as a product of transported volume of goods (tonnes) and length of transport journey (kilometres).

Transit transport by road

Transit transport refers to through passage transport where the points of departure and destination are in another country or other countries and the transport passes through the territory of the transit country without loading of unloading.

Transport between third countries

Transport between third countries, or cross-transport, refers to transport with lorries registered in Finland between two other countries.

Transport for hire or reward

Transportation of people or goods for a fee, i.e. transportation subject to a licence.

Type of cargo

Type of cargo indicates the type of container in which goods are transported.


Total number of kilometres driven by one vehicle over a specified time period, usually twelve months.

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Goods transport by road [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-3617. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 22.1.2019].
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