R&D expenditure by sector in 1991-2005 and GDP share of R&D expenditure

Year Business
enterprises
Public sector* University
sector**
Total  GDP share of R&D 
expenditure***
   € million        %    € million        %    € million        %      € million %
1991 975.1 57.0 357.5 20.9 378.0 22.1 1,710.6 2.04
1993 1,048.5 58.4 379.7 21.1 367.5 20.5 1,795.8 2.16
1995 1,373.4 63.2 374.4 17.2 424.6 19.6 2,172.4 2.28
1997 1,916.7 66.0 408.6 14.1 579.5 20.0 2,904.9 2.71
1998 2,252.8 67.2 443.9 13.2 657.8 19.6 3,354.5 2.86
1999 2,643.9 68.2 470.1 12.1 764.8 19.7 3,878.8 3.21
2000 3,135.9 70.9 497.4 11.2 789.3 17.8 4,422.6 3.38
2001 3,284.0 71.1 500.9 10.8 834.1 18.1 4,619.0 3.38
2002 3,375.1 69.9 529.7 11.0 925.6 19.2 4,830.3 3.43
2003 3,527.9 70.5 515.4 10.3 961.7 19.2 5,005.0 3.48
2004 3,683.5 70.1 530.1 10.1 1,039.8 19.8 5,253.4 3.51
2005**** 3,770.3 70.0 538.4 10.1 1,079.7 20.0 5,388.4 3.52

* Incl. private non-profit sector
** Incl. university central hospitals since 1997 and polytechnics since 1999
*** GDP 2003 and 2004 preliminary data of Statistics Finland, GDP 2005 forecast of the Ministry of Finance.
**** Estimate based on survey response and other calculations.


Last updated 27.1.2006

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Research and development [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-6721. 2004, R&D expenditure by sector in 1991-2005 and GDP share of R&D expenditure . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 20.3.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tkke/2004/tkke_2004_2006-01-27_tau_001_en.html