R&D personnel (head count) by sector in 1991-2004

Sector      1991      1993      1995      1997      1998     1999       2000      2001      2002      2003      2004
Business enterprises 24,835 19,678 24,243 29,139 32,430 36,406 38,169 37,971 39,239 40,089 40,674
Public sector* 8,936 9,089 8,902 9,666 10,295 10,523 10,096 10,300 10,756 10,635 10,715
University sector** 12,410 13,344 14,721 16,685 18,165 20,036 20,548 21,517 23,126 24,049 25,298
Total 46,181 42,111 47,866 55,490 60,890 66,965 68,813 69,788 73,121 74,773 76,687

* Including private non-profit institutions
** Including university central hospitals since 1997 and AMK institutions (polytechnics) since 1999


Last updated 27.1.2006

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Research and development [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-6721. 2004, R&D personnel (head count) by sector in 1991-2004 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 19.10.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tkke/2004/tkke_2004_2006-01-27_tau_002_en.html